:::: MENU ::::

Browsing posts in: Debt

Why do people get into debt?

by

Hooray! Apologies for the loud voice but I TRANSFERRED MY CREDIT CARD BALANCES TO MY LINE OF CREDIT! I was approved for the 4.99% introductory offer. After one year, the rate changes to prime plus 4.5%. Many of you have warned me about the perils of taking on more credit. While I’ve made moderate progress over the past couple of years, I’m taking this opportunity to turn my financial life around very seriously. I want to have enough personal wealth to buy a house comfortably (without stretching myself). I am someone who is both historically bad with money and also quite anxious about not having enough. I’ve been thinking lately… how did I get into debt? 

How did I get into debt?

I’m still working that out, but I am not alone. This AARP article says that “More than half (55 percent) spent equal to or more than their total income including 57 percent of Millennials, 58 percent of GenXers and 49 percent of Baby Boomers.”

Like many others, my debt journey started innocently. On university campus during frosh week, they hand out credit cards like candy! I used it to buy things on eBay and paid it in full. Then a friend invited me to the Caribbean to stay with her for free, but I needed an airline ticket and had no savings. By this time, the bank had increased my credit limit (without asking me, by the way!), and I happily slapped my card down. I would work extra hours over reading week, only a month away. My school was on strike for two months and I had nothing better to do (current me: GET A SECOND JOB, DUMMY!). That was the beginning of a slippery slope.

How do people end up in debt?

Sometimes, people use cards when they can’t make ends meet. I’ve never been in that position, thankfully. I’m just impulsive and short-sighted, but I’ve always made good money. Even in university, I made over 40k a year bartending. $400-600 a night cash on weekends, believe it or not. I worked in some really happening places. I’ve never used a credit card to pay a bill or rent. I just buy stupid toys I don’t need. And that is why I still owe a few thousand for my student loan (unbelievably stupid. I could have invested that money! All that lost compounded interest…).

My bartending days

My bartending days

Ahh, yes. Student loans. Often the first piece of debt someone has in their own name. If finance was taught in high school, kids wouldn’t do what my friend did, which was take out a bigger loan than he needed. He was a popular guy, buying rounds at the bar. The rest he gambled away. He is moonlighting as a waiter to pay these off in his 30s.

Others don’t have an emergency fund. I barely have one (it will be at $2500 as of tomorrow when I get paid). If you can count on anything, it’s that there will undoubtedly be emergencies. I have used credit for car repairs, vet bills, emergency flights, and more. All things that I should have known would happen at some point.

Debt throughout life

Marriage and Divorce are both incredibly expensive if you don’t play your cards right. I’ve been spared of this, but I also have been paying rent alone all my adult life. Sharing expenses sure would be nice. If I ever get married, you bet there’s a pre-nup.

Of course, it’s hard to find fault with people who are hit with unexpected medical expenses. Heath care is something we need to survive, and it’s the leading cause of bankruptcy in the US. In Canada, prescription drugs are usually not covered by government heath care plans, and cancer drugs can be thousands of dollars a month. If you don’t have drug coverage through work benefits, you’re going bankrupt to stay alive. It’s hard to believe we have allowed such systems to exist.

In Canada, reduced income is the leading cause of bankruptcy. That could be due to job loss or a life event. In any case, I’m working hard to set myself up for success down the road. It turns out, I am quite risk averse but have been inadvertently leading a risky financial life!

Thanks for following along so far. It’s really motivating to be honest here about my situation.


September’s Debt Reduction Update and Goals for October

by

Checking on the progress of my debt reduction and savings strategies today! Here are the raw numbers of my accounts, comparing when I first started blogging here and today:

Debt Reduction

Debt 07/14/2019

And Debt 09/30/2019

debt reduction

Debt reduction spreadsheet found at Vertex42

Savings Accounts:

Savings account: $2000 

Increase of: $2000. I said I had $321 that week, but I spent the $321 in savings immediately. Since then, I’ve saved $2000 exactly and haven’t dipped in to the funds once.

Investment account: $379

Increase of: $379

I’ve put some side-hustle money in to an app called WealthSimple, which is a service targeted at making investment simple for millennials. I opened this account a few months ago with two $175 deposits and I’ve already made a little cash. I’m in an aggressive-growth portfolio, so my earnings actually dropped to $1 during some market volatility. Today, I’ve got $29 of profit in there. I’m using this account like an additional savings account and will be contributing around $200 a month to this.

Once I have more time, I’ll take more control over which investments I buy, as I actually quite enjoy the stock market. For today, I’m glad for the help WealthSimple offers. WealthSimple allows you to transfer money out relatively easily, so I like it for medium-term savings. These are funds I can transfer elsewhere in a year or two.

EDITING POST TO ADD: I use this as a savings account I can withdraw from pretty easily with next to no penalty. I am specifically saving this money in case I owe extra taxes next year.

Registered Retirement Savings Plan: $13 267.33

This is the Canadian equivalent of the 401K. My employer matches up to 3%, which isn’t much, but it’s free money so I make sure to take advantage of the full matching amount. I was going to contribute more to this fund, but the management fees are 1.94%. That’s a bit high, even for Canada where we pay a lot for financial products. I regularly see offers of 0.5% for management fees, and I’d like to open a new RRSP account once I have a few months of emergency savings saved up.

TOTAL SAVINGS: 

$15 646.33

Net worth (based on total savings – total debt):

-$18 829.04

Takeaways

I’m going to give my efforts a B grade. Overall, my debt went down a bit. My savings went up significantly (considering I had none before), and I’m prioritizing saving over debt payment at the moment. If something happens and I lose my main income stream or need to move, I have almost nothing in the bank. That terrifies me.

I’m not thrilled that one of my credit card balances actually went up, but I’m going to make a payment of $100 to that today, and then continue to throw money at that as I can to bring it back down.

I think posting a monthly reconciliation of accounts is going to be imperative for my progress. As nervous as it makes me to review the health of my entire financial portfolio, it doesn’t make sense to hide from it.

Goals for October:

  • Track all transactions diligently
  • Post two spending diaries (chronicle all spending for a randomly chosen day, highlighting an average spending period)
  • Make a concrete plan for killing credit card debt, with or without line of credit approval

Keeping it simple because tracking all transactions is difficult enough for me!


Pages:1234567...178